What Are Implant Supported Prosthesis?
Implant Supported Prosthesis, are either fixed or removable and are implant supported. The main advantage is the denture/bridge will be much more stable and secure. It also helps to preserve the bone levels as the implant(s) act similar to teeth. There are two types of implant supported prosthesis: Fixed Dentures such as crown and bridge or hybrid dentures or Removable Dentures such as a bar overdenture or a locator supported denture.
Crown and Bridge: Replacing the teeth with crown and bridge which is made of porcelain has the best esthetic result. This kind of bridge work does require special flossing techniques or the use of a water pik. One thing to be noted, if the porcelain is damaged, repair can be complicated.
Replacing the teeth with a denture that is semi fixed, meaning it can be removed only by a dentist and is fixed with screws that hold it in place. This option can be more difficult to clean where the denture meets the tissue. Ideally, a water pik works well in this situation. The denture has a metal titanium substructure for strength and is covered with acrylic (to simulate gums) and plastic teeth. It is therefore easily fixed if it becomes damaged. In general, a hybrid will need attention likely every 5-10 years such that the teeth will require replacing since they are plastic and will wear more.
Replacement of the teeth with a denture that is removable. There is a bar that is secured to the implants (only a dentist can remove the bar). The denture has friction to fit to the bar, which is extremely secure and stable. This option is the easiest for maintenance as the denture can be removed to clean. The denture has a metal titanium substructure for strength, covered with acrylic to simulate gums and plastic teeth. Therefore, it can be easily fixed if damaged, In general, this will require attention every 5-10 years such as the teeth will require replacing since they are plastic and will wear more.
Locator Supported Denture:
Replacement of teeth with a full denture, most common on the lower arch, using a locator to stabilize the denture on the implants. The locator is much like a “snap button” , that clicks into place. This option provides a more stable fit and prevents the denture from moving around. It is easily removed and cleaned by the patient. The denture is acrylic with plastic teeth and can therefore be easily fixed if damaged. The gaskets will need to be replaced yearly in order to maintain a secure fit. The denture will generally require replacement every 5 to 10 years. This can be a more cost effective option, as it can be done with only two implants for support.
If you would like to learn more about these latex free procedures, contact us.